Jump Start FitNesse with Selenium using Generic Fixture

Download FitNesse

Go to http://fitnesse.org/FitNesseDevelopment.DownLoad and download the the latest fitnesse.jar. Create a directory c:\program files\fitnesse\. Copy the downloaded fitnesse.jar into directory c:\program files\fitnesse. fitnesse.jar is an executable jar file so just double click this file and it will install itself.

Download Selenium Remote Control (Selenium RC)

Go to http://selenium-rc.openqa.org/download.jsp and download the latest version (1.0.3 at the time of writing this page). Unpack the zip into c:\program files\selenium\ directory. Current version for Selenium-RC is 1.0.3 and these instructions are written assuming you are using this version.

Create a smart start script

Copy and paste following script into a file called run.vbs under the directory “C:\Program Files\selenium\selenium-server-1.0.3”. This script will start both FitNesse servers and Selenium remote control servers on their default ports 8000 and 4444 respectively. This script will ONLY start these processes if these processes are not running, so this script can be safely run any time.

PS: Please note that this script is starting Selenium in an experimental Proxy Injection Mode which lets you run your web test across multiple domains. If you don’t want to use this feature feel free to change this start script.

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Introducing Generic Fixture for FitNesse

I have been using FitNesse (A wiki based integrated testing framework) for last few years to create automated integrated acceptance tests for my back end Java based and legacy C/C++ applications. It has helped us tremendously towards our efforts to adapt to Test Driven Development (TDD). FitNesse has really helped our development team to find & fix bugs much earlier and our QA team to validate them pretty quickly. For beginners I will recommend reading the documentation on its official web site http://fitnesse.org/ for information on downloading, installing and setting up FitNesse. FitNesse provides various “Test Table Styles” (or fixtures) to write your tests. Each Table/Fixture Style has its own usage and purpose.

For testing business logic in my back end applications I mostly used ColumnFixture, TableFixture and RowFixture for defining inputs and output data sets. All I needed to write was a thin adapter or mapper Java class that extends any of these fixtures. That thin adapter Java class just gets input data from wiki and use that data to make a call to my back end application. At the end of the call it just makes the result available for FitNesse to display on wiki page. This thin adapter class is fully Fixture aware and developer of this class must know how to map data between back end application and FitNesse front end wiki page.

So far so good no major complains here, it worked great for us.

But I found this requirement to write the thin fixture adapter class for each new transaction a little annoying and have always toyed with the idea of building a generic Table/Fixture, one that will not require a developer to understand and be aware of the various fixtures coding conventions. In other words a fixture/table style where testers can write acceptance tests without needing development support of writing fixture specific code for each new transaction.

That became the main driving force behind the thought of developing a Generic Fixture where you just drop your class in FitNesse’s class path, write your test tables in wiki and be ready to test without having to write a single line of Java code. This idea is simple enough to understand but not so simple to implement because of the complexity of Java classes. Each class is different, it can have various type of constructors and methods (even overloaded ones). Each method can be returning different type of values (or not returning at all if method is void). We have to define some rules of defining class names, constructors, method names and their return types on wiki test tables first.

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Download and Install Instructions

Install Requirements

You must have FitNesse framework installed on your computer and FitNesse server must be running on the computer where Generic Fixture is being installed.

To download Generic Fixture

Download the jar file genericfixture.jar containing full source code and compiled classes from Generic Fixture GitHub Site. Included classes have been generated using Sun’s JDK 1.5 Java compiler. Should you need to build Generic Fixture with any other JVM then make sure to put fitnesse.jar and fitlibrary.jar (provided in all the Fitnesse releases) in your CLASSPATH.
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